2014水轮机结构设计 (毕业设计指导书)

发布于:2021-10-14 09:01:11

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and m unici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on ag ai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect an d esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c financial, system, streng t heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. Althoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and pr eventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investigation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arning e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhan cing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ously study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

毕业设计(论文)
指导书

题目
专业 班级 学生 指导教师



年热能与动力工程专业

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open the channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres properly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and ev aluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacit y i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evel s i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self-dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of uncorrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, and enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standardize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c f inancial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. A lthoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investig ation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arni ng e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ou sly study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

水轮机结构设计指导书

一、水轮机型号及参数
水轮机型号及参数详见任务书
二、水轮机总体结构设计
根据给定的水轮机型号、机组布置型式和转轮直径等参数,确定水轮机的 主要特征尺寸。
1.确定转轮的流道尺寸; 2.确定导叶高度及分布圆直径; 3.确定座环高度; 4.根据水轮机的出力、转速,估算主轴直径; 5.参照现有资料,分别设计转轮、导叶、座环、顶盖、底环、基础环、主轴
等部件的结构; 6.参照现有资料,分析各种主轴密封的结构特点,选择合适的主轴密封; 7.参照现有资料,分析各种水导轴承的结构特点,选择合适的水导轴承; 8.参照现有资料,根据顶盖、主轴密封、水导轴承的结构,合理布置控制环
的结构; 9.参照现有资料,选择合适的补气装置。
二、导水机构传动系统设计(导叶布置图绘制)
1.根据水轮机的型号、转轮直径,确定最大可能开度所要求的最大接力器行 程 Smax,从而最后确定传动系统的参数;
2.绘制导叶开度 a0 和接力器行程 S 的关系曲线 S=f(a0)),检查导叶传动与 接力器移动的均衡性;
3.绘*嵌 λ、β 与 a0 的关系 λ=f(a0)、β=f(a0); 4.确定推拉杆销孔与连杆销孔在控制环上的相对位置,以使在运动中接力器
活塞杆的偏斜角度最小; 5.确定限位块的位置;

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open t he channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres prop erly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and evaluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacity i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evels i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self -dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the p eople, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of un corrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, an d enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standar dize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illag ers democrati c financial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new r ural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nv ironme nt. Althoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investigation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arning e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ously study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

6.检查传动件在不同位置是否相碰,尤其是易坏连接件破断后,连杆或转臂 是否相碰;
7.确定导叶关闭时,相邻导叶的密封位置及端面密封分布圆直径;
三、导水机构结构设计

根据导水机构运动图设计所确定的尺寸,参考现有的设计资料,确定导叶、 套筒、连杆、转臂、剪断销、控制环等结构尺寸。
四、水导轴承设计

根据所确定的水导轴承结构,参考资料(1)、(2)、(3)、(4)分别进行润滑 及冷却系统设计。
五、强度校核与编程实现

1.主轴强度校核 根据所确定的主轴结构及尺寸,参考资料(1)、(2)进行强度校核。 2.导叶强度校核 根据所确定的导叶结构及尺寸,参考资料(1)、(2)进行强度校核。
六、零件图绘制

根据总装图、部件装配图,参考资料(6)和所给图册拆绘主要零件的加工图。
七、参考文献:
1.哈尔滨大电机研究所编,水轮机设计手册,机械工业出版社,1976 年; 2.哈尔滨大电机研究所译,水轮机设计者手册,机械工业出版社,1976 年; 3.高建铭等,水轮机及叶片泵结构,清华大学出版社,1992 年; 4.陈新方等,水轮机结构分析,水利电力出版社,1994 年; 5.水电站机电设计手册编写组,水电站机电设计手册(水力机械),水利电
力出版社,1983 年; 6.天津电气传动设计研究所编,水轮机结构图册,科学出版社,1978 年。 7.成大先主编,机械设计手册,化学工业出版社,2004 年 9 月。

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promot e work, the courage to tak e responsibility, dare to break har d to e nsure distri ct, Gover nment deci sions and arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, s everely puni sh act s of violati on. One is to ope n the channels of supervisi on. Vig orously pr omote the party affairs publi c, open, wi dely a cce pted supervision by the masse s, pay atte ntion to social groups and publi c opi nion s upervi sion, the powerful for ce forme d to urge party members a nd lea ding cadre s properly exer cise their powers. Se cond, strong supervisi on a nd inspe ction. Dem ocrati c life into full play, importa nt briefing s, reports relate d to personal matters and eval uation of ca dres ' study of inner-party s upervis ory system, a compr ehe nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the im plementati on of the indepe ndent Commission agai nst corrupti on -relate d ca ses of lea ding cadre s of party member s, focus on stre ngthe ning key are as of pr oje ct sele ction, funding, officials m onitor, detect and rectify the
probl em, prom ote hone sty in politics . Thir d, stre ngthen dis cipli nary inve stigation. Seriously the implementati on of JI ... Recently, the County leadi ng bodies at t he county level to carry out "three tree s" practi ce, w hich is to impr ove the g overni ng ability a nd promoti ng the development of XX effective mea sure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirement s, and actively partici pate in the "three trees" cam paig n. Read Gr oup, pre pare d by the D epartment i n the near future of the ide ologi cal a nd politica l construction of lea ding cadres i n the city reader , read the relevant i nformation, larger harve st, ins pire d. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen the party's gov erning capacity in que stions of the construction of meaning , an important topic remai ns in front of party member s and ca dres at all level s, we need t o further expl ore a nd ponder. T he abil ity of repelli ng the name sugge sts, is a sking party members and ca dres at all lev els in particular, lea ding cadre s at all levels, not only ourselve s, est ablish a corre ct concept of the indepe ndent Commissio n against corrupti on, politi cal integrity, self-disci pline,

rejection of corruption, made for the people, pragmatic, honest lea ders hip, a nd stre ngthe n the sense of res ponsibil ity, earne stly implement t he res ponsibil ity of uncorr upte d, impleme ntation of the ba olia n anti -corr upti on mea sure s to ensure t he realizati on of busi nes s-buil ding, construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I com bine d with their thinki ng, experience and conta ct XX pra ctical, on how to enhance the a bility of repelli ng, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

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Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constr ucti on of the propul sion system, and e nha nce t he system of corruption since the founding of our party, have been t hinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curr ently, democrati c legal sy stem, manageme nt sy stem and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admi nistrative act s are not very standardi zed, E nterpri se be havior a nd market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diverse, pluralistic, complex tre nds , this s hift the struggl e betwe en the two, will a ccompa ny

3

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yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c f inancial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. A lthoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investig ation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arni ng e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ou sly study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

八、附录:水轮机导叶布置图绘制的目的与步骤
(一)绘制导水机构运动图的目的 1.确定最大可能开度 a0 下的接力器行程 Smax ,绘制 S ? f (a0 ) 关系曲线,检查 接力器行程与导叶开度的均衡性; 2.确定传动件的尺寸及在不同开度下的 ? 、? 值,绘制 ? ? f (a0 ) 、? ? f (a0 ) 曲 线,检查 ? 、 ? 值的范围是否符合要求; 3.确定控制环大耳环和小耳环的相对位置; 4.确定限位块的位置(一般限位块与最大可能开度位置时导叶的距离,大中型 为 20~30mm,小型为 5~10mm) 5.检查传动件在不同位置是否相碰。 尤其在剪断销破断后,连杆或转臂是否相碰。对混流式水轮机来说,还 需检查导叶与固定导叶、转轮叶片是否相碰。 6.确定导叶关闭时的密封位置; 立面密封:接触面的位置 端面密封:密封条分布圆位置 7.确定固定导叶的位置及其出口角,绘制固定导叶翼型,并核定其分布圆直径。
(二)绘制径向式导水机构运动图的步骤
1.确定导叶翼型: 首先根据水轮机的蜗壳类型、比转速或水头范围确定采用合适的导叶翼
型,一般: 多数轴流式水轮机和少数混流式水轮机(一般 H<40m)采用混凝土蜗壳,
应采用标准对称型导叶; 高水头、低比转速混流式水轮机(一般 H≥100m),一般采用负曲度翼型; 中、高比转速混流式水轮机(H<100m)和少数低比转速轴流式水轮机(H≥
40m),一般采用正曲度叶型。

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open t he channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres prop erly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and evaluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacity i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evels i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self -dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the p eople, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of un corrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, an d enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standar dize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illag ers democrati c financial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new r ural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nv ironme nt. Althoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investigation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arning e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ously study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

确定导叶翼型后,即可根据 D1 查设计手册,画出导叶的翼型图。而实际 设计时,须根据水轮机的工况、流道及固定导叶的形状,经过水力计算,确定 导叶的翼型。
标准导叶的几何尺寸如下:

图 1 标准正曲度导叶的几何尺寸

图 2 标准对称型导叶的几何尺寸
图 1 和图 2 给出的是转轮标称直径 D1 ? 1.00 (m) 且导叶数 Z0 ? 24 的几何 尺寸,当 D1 或 Z 0 不同时,需将上述几何尺寸进行放大(或缩小)相应倍数,

一般,放大倍数 ? 为: ? ? D1 (m) ? 24 。 1.00 Z 0

按上述比例缩放后,即为导叶的最终几何尺寸。

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promot e work, the courage to tak e responsibility, dare to break har d to e nsure distri ct, Gover nment deci sions and arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, s everely puni sh act s of violati on. One is to ope n the channels of supervisi on. Vig orously pr omote the party affairs publi c, open, wi dely a cce pted supervision by the masse s, pay atte ntion to social groups and publi c opi nion s upervi sion, the powerful for ce forme d to urge party members a nd lea ding cadre s properly exer cise their powers. Se cond, strong supervisi on a nd inspe ction. Dem ocrati c life into full play, importa nt briefing s, reports relate d to personal matters and eval uation of ca dres ' study of inner-party s upervis ory system, a compr ehe nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the im plementati on of the indepe ndent Commission agai nst corrupti on -relate d ca ses of lea ding cadre s of party member s, focus on stre ngthe ning key are as of pr oje ct sele ction, funding, officials m onitor, detect and rectify the
probl em, prom ote hone sty in politics . Thir d, stre ngthen dis cipli nary inve stigation. Seriously the implementati on of JI ... Recently, the County leadi ng bodies at t he county level to carry out "three tree s" practi ce, w hich is to impr ove the g overni ng ability a nd promoti ng the development of XX effective mea sure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirement s, and actively partici pate in the "three trees" cam paig n. Read Gr oup, pre pare d by the D epartment i n the near future of the ide ologi cal a nd politica l construction of lea ding cadres i n the city reader , read the relevant i nformation, larger harve st, ins pire d. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen the party's gov erning capacity in que stions of the construction of meaning , an important topic remai ns in front of party member s and ca dres at all level s, we need t o further expl ore a nd ponder. T he abil ity of repelli ng the name sugge sts, is a sking party members and ca dres at all lev els in particular, lea ding cadre s at all levels, not only ourselve s, est ablish a corre ct concept of the indepe ndent Commissio n against corrupti on, politi cal integrity, self-disci pline,

rejection of corruption, made for the people, pragmatic, honest lea ders hip, a nd stre ngthe n the sense of res ponsibil ity, earne stly implement t he res ponsibil ity of uncorr upte d, impleme ntation of the ba olia n anti -corr upti on mea sure s to ensure t he realizati on of busi nes s-buil ding, construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I com bine d with their thinki ng, experience and conta ct XX pra ctical, on how to enhance the a bility of repelli ng, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

-
Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constr ucti on of the propul sion system, and e nha nce t he system of corruption since the founding of our party, have been t hinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curr ently, democrati c legal sy stem, manageme nt sy stem and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admi nistrative act s are not very standardi zed, E nterpri se be havior a nd market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diverse, pluralistic, complex tre nds , this s hift the struggl e betwe en the two, will a ccompa ny

5

-

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c f inancial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. A lthoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investig ation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arni ng e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ou sly study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

转轮直径
D1(mm)
1400 1600 1800 2000 2250

D0(mm)
1750 1950 2150 2350 2650

2500 2750 3000 3300 3800 4100 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500

2900 3200 3500 3850 4400 4750 5250 5800 6400 7000 7500 8100 8750

8000 8500 9000 9500 10000 10500

9300 9850 10500 11000 11500 12000

表 1 导水机构装配尺寸系列

Z0

?

Dy

Dc

(mm) (mm)

1300

1200

1450

1350

16

22°

1600

1500

1700

1600

1900

1800

2150

2000

2350

2200

2550

2400

2750

2600

3200

3050

3400

3250

24

3750

3600

4100

4000

4550

4400

42°

4950 5350

4800 5200

5750

5600

6150

6000

6600

6400

7000

6800

7400

7200

32

7800

7600

8200

8000

8600

8400

LH
(mm)
180 210 240 270 300
330 365 400 450 510 550 600 670 740 800 870 940 1000
1000 1050 1100 1180 1250 1350

LC
(mm)
185 230 272 317 360
266 297 327 376 407 444 491 527 588 655 665 727 839
1024 1030 1036 1041 1046 1051

2.确定传动件的相关尺寸及角度 由 D1 查上表 1,得到 D0 、 Z 0 、 Dy 、 Dc ,? ,其中: Dy 、 Dc ----- 分别为控制环大、小耳环分布圆直径; ? ---- 导叶全关位置时,转臂轴心线与 D0 圆切线的夹角; ? ---- 连杆与小耳环分布圆切线的夹角;

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open t he channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres prop erly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and evaluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacity i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evels i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self -dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the p eople, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of un corrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, an d enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standar dize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illag ers democrati c financial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new r ural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nv ironme nt. Althoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investigation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arning e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ously study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

? ---- 连杆与转臂的夹角。

若所给 D1 不是上表直径系列,可用插值法求出各值( Z 0 和? 除外)。

一般, ?

的取值如下: ?

?

? 22? (Z ??42? (Z0

0
?

? 16) 24,32)

若上述角度不符合要求,可以适当调整。

3.确定导叶开度 a. 查模型综合特性曲线,得模型水轮机的最大开度 a0Mmax :

(1) 混流式水轮机:

按照给定的参数计算: n11r

?

nD1 Hr

,在模型综合特性曲线上以该单位

转速作一条水*线与出力限制线交点处的开度即为模型转轮的最大开度

a0Mm ax 。

(2) 轴流式水轮机:

一般以上述计算的 n11r 与 Q11r

? Qr D12 ? H r

交点(即额定工况点)处的

开度作为模型转轮的最大开度 a0Mmax 。

查得模型转轮的最大开度 a0Mmax 后,由公式:

a0 m ax

?

aM 0 m ax

?

D0 D0M

? Z0M Z0



即可求得真机的最大开度 a0max (mm)。

序号
1 2 3 4 5

模型转轮型号
ZZ560-46 ZZ440-46 ZZ360-35 HL240-46 HL220-46

表 2 部分模型转轮参数表

模型转轮直径 导叶分布圆直径 活动导叶数

D1M (mm)

D0M (mm)

Z0M

460

534

24

460

534

32

350

406

24

460

534

24

460

534

24

备注

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promot e work, the courage to tak e responsibility, dare to break har d to e nsure distri ct, Gover nment deci sions and arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, s everely puni sh act s of violati on. One is to ope n the channels of supervisi on. Vig orously pr omote the party affairs publi c, open, wi dely a cce pted supervision by the masse s, pay atte ntion to social groups and publi c opi nion s upervi sion, the powerful for ce forme d to urge party members a nd lea ding cadre s properly exer cise their powers. Se cond, strong supervisi on a nd inspe ction. Dem ocrati c life into full play, importa nt briefing s, reports relate d to personal matters and eval uation of ca dres ' study of inner-party s upervis ory system, a compr ehe nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the im plementati on of the indepe ndent Commission agai nst corrupti on -relate d ca ses of lea ding cadre s of party member s, focus on stre ngthe ning key are as of pr oje ct sele ction, funding, officials m onitor, detect and rectify the
probl em, prom ote hone sty in politics . Thir d, stre ngthen dis cipli nary inve stigation. Seriously the implementati on of JI ... Recently, the County leadi ng bodies at t he county level to carry out "three tree s" practi ce, w hich is to impr ove the g overni ng ability a nd promoti ng the development of XX effective mea sure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirement s, and actively partici pate in the "three trees" cam paig n. Read Gr oup, pre pare d by the D epartment i n the near future of the ide ologi cal a nd politica l construction of lea ding cadres i n the city reader , read the relevant i nformation, larger harve st, ins pire d. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen the party's gov erning capacity in que stions of the construction of meaning , an important topic remai ns in front of party member s and ca dres at all level s, we need t o further expl ore a nd ponder. T he abil ity of repelli ng the name sugge sts, is a sking party members and ca dres at all lev els in particular, lea ding cadre s at all levels, not only ourselve s, est ablish a corre ct concept of the indepe ndent Commissio n against corrupti on, politi cal integrity, self-disci pline,

rejection of corruption, made for the people, pragmatic, honest lea ders hip, a nd stre ngthe n the sense of res ponsibil ity, earne stly implement t he res ponsibil ity of uncorr upte d, impleme ntation of the ba olia n anti -corr upti on mea sure s to ensure t he realizati on of busi nes s-buil ding, construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I com bine d with their thinki ng, experience and conta ct XX pra ctical, on how to enhance the a bility of repelli ng, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

-
Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constr ucti on of the propul sion system, and e nha nce t he system of corruption since the founding of our party, have been t hinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curr ently, democrati c legal sy stem, manageme nt sy stem and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admi nistrative act s are not very standardi zed, E nterpri se be havior a nd market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diverse, pluralistic, complex tre nds , this s hift the struggl e betwe en the two, will a ccompa ny

7

-

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c f inancial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. A lthoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investig ation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arni ng e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ou sly study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

6

HL200-46

460

7

HL180-46

460

8

HL160-46

460

9

HL120-38

380

10

HL100-40

400

11

HLA179-40

400

12 HLA551-35.2

352

534

24

534

24

520

24

456

18

472

18

472

18

413.3

24

注:若无

D0M

数据,可用

a0 m ax

?

aM 0 max

?

D1 D1M

? Z0M Z0

*似。

b.

由 a0k

?

1.05

a0

m

,求得真机的最大可能开度
ax

a

0k

(mm);

c. 查模型综合特性曲线中最优工况点对应的开度为模型转轮的最优开度 a0My ,

经公式换算,可得真机的最优开度 a0y ;

d. 在全关位置至最优开度之间任取 2~4 个开度值。

这样,加上全关位置、最优开度、最大开度和最大可能开度,共有 6~8 个开度

值。

4.初选转臂长度 LH 和连杆长度 Lc ,绘制导叶布置图和相关曲线 查上表 1,初选 LH 和 Lc ,按前述各开度值画出导叶及其传动件的位置,标
出各角度( ? 、 ? )值和控制环大耳环的相对位移(即接力器的行程 S ),画出 接力器行程 S 、 ? 、 ? 随 a0 变化的关系曲线 S ? f (a0 ) 、 ? ? f (a0 ) 和 ? ? f (a0 ) 。
如果按照表 1 查出的数据绘图时,出现当连杆与控制环小耳环分布圆没有 交点,则需调整? 、 LH 和 Lc 值。
5.根据导叶布置图和关系曲线检查、调整 检查以下项目是否符合要求: a.一般要求:S ? f (a0 ) 的关系应符合合理的导叶关闭规律:即在机组在突
然率全部负荷,需要紧急停机时,为了尽量降低机组转速上升和蜗壳压力上升,

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open t he channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres prop erly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and evaluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacity i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evels i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self -dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the p eople, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of un corrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, an d enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standar dize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illag ers democrati c financial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new r ural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nv ironme nt. Althoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investigation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arning e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ously study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

一般要求导水机构在接力器匀速向关闭方向移动时,导叶关闭应先快后慢(即 随着开度值 a0 变大,曲线 S ? f (a0 ) 的斜率也变大),如下图。
b. ? =50°~70°; ? 角度较小时,传动操作力矩的效果最好,但 ? 角度过 小时,叉头式连杆有可能会与控制环相干涉,反之。
c. ? =80°~110°; ? 角度呈 90? 时,传动操作力矩的效果最好, ? 角度过 小还可能会发生连杆和转臂相碰。
d.检查传动件在不同位置是否相碰,尤其在剪断销破断后,连杆或转臂是 否相碰。对混流式水轮机来说,还需检查导叶与固定导叶、转轮叶片是否相碰。

图 3 接力器行程 S 、 ? 、 ? 与 a0 的关系曲线 如上述曲线不符合要求,则需适当调整角度? 或 LH 、 Lc 值,重新上述绘 制过程,直到符合要求为止。

6.确定相应部件的位置

采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promot e work, the courage to tak e responsibility, dare to break har d to e nsure distri ct, Gover nment deci sions and arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, s everely puni sh act s of violati on. One is to ope n the channels of supervisi on. Vig orously pr omote the party affairs publi c, open, wi dely a cce pted supervision by the masse s, pay atte ntion to social groups and publi c opi nion s upervi sion, the powerful for ce forme d to urge party members a nd lea ding cadre s properly exer cise their powers. Se cond, strong supervisi on a nd inspe ction. Dem ocrati c life into full play, importa nt briefing s, reports relate d to personal matters and eval uation of ca dres ' study of inner-party s upervis ory system, a compr ehe nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the im plementati on of the indepe ndent Commission agai nst corrupti on -relate d ca ses of lea ding cadre s of party member s, focus on stre ngthe ning key are as of pr oje ct sele ction, funding, officials m onitor, detect and rectify the
probl em, prom ote hone sty in politics . Thir d, stre ngthen dis cipli nary inve stigation. Seriously the implementati on of JI ... Recently, the County leadi ng bodies at t he county level to carry out "three tree s" practi ce, w hich is to impr ove the g overni ng ability a nd promoti ng the development of XX effective mea sure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirement s, and actively partici pate in the "three trees" cam paig n. Read Gr oup, pre pare d by the D epartment i n the near future of the ide ologi cal a nd politica l construction of lea ding cadres i n the city reader , read the relevant i nformation, larger harve st, ins pire d. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen the party's gov erning capacity in que stions of the construction of meaning , an important topic remai ns in front of party member s and ca dres at all level s, we need t o further expl ore a nd ponder. T he abil ity of repelli ng the name sugge sts, is a sking party members and ca dres at all lev els in particular, lea ding cadre s at all levels, not only ourselve s, est ablish a corre ct concept of the indepe ndent Commissio n against corrupti on, politi cal integrity, self-disci pline,

rejection of corruption, made for the people, pragmatic, honest lea ders hip, a nd stre ngthe n the sense of res ponsibil ity, earne stly implement t he res ponsibil ity of uncorr upte d, impleme ntation of the ba olia n anti -corr upti on mea sure s to ensure t he realizati on of busi nes s-buil ding, construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I com bine d with their thinki ng, experience and conta ct XX pra ctical, on how to enhance the a bility of repelli ng, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

-
Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constr ucti on of the propul sion system, and e nha nce t he system of corruption since the founding of our party, have been t hinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curr ently, democrati c legal sy stem, manageme nt sy stem and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admi nistrative act s are not very standardi zed, E nterpri se be havior a nd market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diverse, pluralistic, complex tre nds , this s hift the struggl e betwe en the two, will a ccompa ny

9

-

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local gover nment ge neral budget reve nue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pa inting , mode l culture creates ne w Ma Chur ch community, creating Lake s ceni c s pot culture education ba se, re ceived high evaluation from pr ovincial and munici pal di sci pline Ins pe ction Commis sion, the people's daily spe cial re port. Constantly pr omote inde pendent Commissi on against corruption culture construction to rural exte nds, create d establi she d Da hlin r ural industry Park indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption cult ure positi ons , formed ha s a s upport "servi ce l ow double excell ent " of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blishe d Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village a udit supervisi on, a nd v illagers democrati c f inancial, system, strengt heni ng Park party, a nd Chief, and financial, ful l publi c, powerful to guarantee s ha s new rural constructi on, by city r ural styl e clean governme nt inspe ction unit led of height eval uation.

Through the impl ementation of hone st and

clean g overnment cult ural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and cadre s and cons ciously reg ulated behavi or and dis cipli ne, honesty in politi cs and culture to create a good atmosphere and fresh development e nvironme nt. A lthoug h we in im plement impl ementation i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption gui delines as pect s made ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superi or of requirements al so exists must of dista nce, mai n performa nce for : a is system e noug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, and punis hment, as pe cts long-term mecha nism als o enoug h perfect, especially i n enr ollment bi d work reg ulatory a spe cts als o nee ded strengthe ning ; II is reg ulatory s upervision exists l ost of Yu wi de, a nd lost of Yu s oft, investig ation illegal di sci plinary case of efforts also neede d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exists treat gift, not to be nefits not do, a nd mes s do of phenome non; T hree for hone st work is

the new situati ons a nd new problems in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong e nough.

To solve the se pr oblem s, we wil l procee d from the following five as pects of rectificati on, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) dee peni ng the l earni ng, e nha nce t he consci ousne ss of hone sty in politics. To create event as a n opportunity to Excel a nd lear ning party, furt her increasi ng the gover na nce capa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broad ma sses of party members a nd cadres a warene ss, s ens e of responsibility, s ens e of honor, impr ove worki ng ability a nd lev el of sci entific development. S hould make full use of meetings, i n particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and educati on of the code, t he inte nsive w arni ng e ducation, educati on t he majority of party members a nd cadres k now n fea r, knew fear, honesty i n politics of tensi on t he string s, cons cious ness and enhancing t he impleme ntation of the

initiative.

Also, pay attention to apply what they have learned, consci ou sly study results i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

a.确定控制环大耳环和小耳环的相对位置; b.确定限位块的位置; c.确定导叶关闭时的密封位置;
立面:导叶头部和相邻导叶尾部接触面的位置 端面:密封条分布圆位置 d.确定固定导叶的位置及其出口角,绘制固定导叶翼型,并核定其分布圆直 径。

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采用的原料均来源于草本植物,并不包含任何人工合成添加剂。以健康养生为理念天然更符现代活诉求已经消费者日常饮主要选择new measures to promote w ork, the courage to take responsibility, dare to break har d to ensure district, Gover nment decisi ons and arrangeme nts to impleme nt. (B) strengt heni ng s upervi sion, severely punish acts of violation. One is t o open t he channels of supervisi on. V igorously promote t he party affairs public, open, w idely a cce pted s upervisi on by t he masse s, pay attenti on to social groups a nd public opi nion s upervi sion, the pow erful force formed t o urge party members and leading ca dres prop erly exercise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on. Democratic life into full play, important briefings, re ports relate d to personal matters and evaluati on of cadres ' study of inner-party s upervisory system, a comprehensive gra sp of guideli nes for the implementati on of the independent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on-related case s of leadi ng ca dres of party members, focus on stre ngthe ning key areas of proj ect se lecti on, fundi ng, official s monit or, detect a nd re ctify the pr oblem,

promote hone sty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen discipli nary investigation. Seriously t he impleme ntation of JI ...

Recently, the County lea ding bodies at the county level to carry out "three trees" pra ctice, whi ch i s to impr ove the g overni ng abi lity and prom oting the devel opme nt of XX effective meas ure. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, a nd actively participate in the "three trees" campaig n. Read Gr oup, pre pared by the Departme nt in the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constr ucti on of leading cadre s in t he city rea der, re ad the relevant i nformation, larger harvest, ins pired. I thi nk the ability of repelli ng is to strengthe n the party's g overni ng capacity i n questions of the constr uction of mea ning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party members a nd cadres at all levels , we need t o further ex plore a nd ponde r. The ability of repelli ng the name s uggests, is aski ng party members and ca dres at all l evels i n parti cula r, leadi ng ca dres at all l evels, not only ourselve s, e stablis h a correct conce pt of the i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr upti on, politi cal integrit y, self -dis cipli ne,

rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the p eople, pragmatic, honest lea dershi p, a nd stre ngthe n the se nse of responsi bilit y, earne stly implement the responsibi lity of un corrupted, im plementation of the baoli an anti -corruption measures t o ens ure the rea lization of busine ss -buildi ng, constructi on of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned wit h their t hinki ng, experie nce and contact XX pra ctical , on how t o enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on.

Irregularities, pleas e comment . First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, an d enha nce the system of corr upti on si nce the founding of our part y, have bee n thinki ng about tackli ng corruption. Curre ntly, democratic legal system, manag ement system and supervisi on me cha nism is not perfe ct, admini strative acts are not very standar dize d, Enter prise behavi or and market behavi or, corruption prese nts a diver se, pl ura listic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny


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